The Wheat Cultivation in Eastern Europe and Northern Asia has been a significant part of economic and cultural life in both countries for the last several centuries. In this article, the article highlights various wheat farming technologies, growing season, nitrogen fertilizer content, grain yield and its nutrient fractional content during winter wheat harvest in the Middle East. An energy and economic study of the effectiveness of late winter wheat cultivation has been provided for historical methods, secondary tillage methods and organic practices in wheat farming in this region.
How Wheat Cultivation is Done in the Middle East and the United States
During the early years of development in these countries, a variety of cultivation techniques have been used to enhance productivity and profits for farmers. This research has revealed the importance of nitrogen management in the wheat crops as well as the role of manure in fertilizing the plants. In the agricultural areas, the process of crop rotation is used to help increase crop yields. The use of different types of fertilizer for the wheat crops in order to increase nutrient and mineral content has been proved to be effective by recent research.
The nitrogen that can be released to the plants in fertilizer is essential to their crop production. A fertilizer can improve the nitrogen absorption capacity of the plants by removing nitrogen-deficient nitrogen that has been taken out during the crop growth. When this is done, the plants will be able to improve the nitrogen-deficient nitrogen that is left after using the nitrogen. The fertilization of wheat is mainly needed because the wheat grains contain more nitrogen than other vegetables.
Nitrogen-rich plants such as wheat grains are better candidates to produce food. In the recent past, wheat fields have been used for agricultural purposes. Some of the wheat fields in Iran and Syria have been utilized since the nineteenth century and many farmers have succeeded in producing good wheat crops due to the practice of wheat farming in this region.
Modern day wheat cultivation in both countries is based on the late summer. This is the time of the year when wheat yields are highest. This season is characterized by a high wheat yield due to the fact that the soil is dry and it is in a dormant condition. It is at this time that crop yields increase in comparison with other seasons. During this period, wheat is planted in large fields that include plots of at a width of 40 m which can support wheat production in relation to the size of the field.
One can also find wheat plots located in small fields, but they do not support production of large plots. The wheat plow is placed in a row on the fields so that the yield can be increased and this is the season of the year when wheat yields are at their maximum.
During the summer wheat cultivation, the soil is moist and sandy. This helps the farmers have easy access to this soil for the crop production because they do not need to prepare and plant the fields for wheat production for the following months.
Winter wheat production usually starts during the fall season and is more intense. This is when the wheat yields start to decrease and the growing season is over. In this season, the farmers start to use the previous year’s crop that had been left in the field before the first frost to make the plants ready for harvesting.
There is also some harvesting done in order to finish off the last wheat crop in the field. Harvesting is done for two different reasons; one is to make the plants ready for replanting, while the other is done to get rid of the excess amount of wheat that is still present on the surface of the soil and to have a good quality harvest.
The wheat field must be prepared before the harvesting process begins. The soil must be raked in order to make it dry enough for the ploughing of the wheat seeds. It must also be covered with the soil as it was when the last crop was ploughed.
Ploughing of the soil must be done in a proper manner in order to remove the weeds. This weed control is done by cutting down the weeds with the help of a knife and then planting the seeds in the place where the weed growth has stopped.